Turkish Kapuska History and Recipe

Turkish Kapuska History and Recipe:

Kapuska is one of the rooted dishes in Turkish cuisine with a rich history. Its origins can be traced back to Central Asia and it is considered a dish that Turks brought with them during their migrations. Traditionally, it was consumed to provide warmth and energy on cold winter days. Over time, Kapuska has diversified in different regions, showcasing various flavors and cooking styles.

How to Make Kapuska: Kapuska is a dish prepared with simple ingredients, yet it offers a rich taste. Here is a step-by-step Kapuska recipe:


  • 1 medium-sized white cabbage
  • 2 cups of rice
  • 2 tablespoons of vegetable oil
  • 1 large onion
  • 2 tablespoons of tomato paste
  • 1 teaspoon of salt
  • 1/2 teaspoon of black pepper
  • 1/2 teaspoon of red pepper flakes
  • 1/2 cup of hot water
  • 2 cloves of garlic (optional)


  1. Thinly slice the white cabbage and soak it in salty water for 15-20 minutes.
  2. Rinse and drain the rice.
  3. Finely chop the onion and sauté it with vegetable oil until it becomes translucent.
  4. Add the tomato paste and sauté for a few more minutes.
  5. Rinse the cabbage thoroughly and drain it. Squeeze out excess water and add it to the onions.
  6. Add the rice and mix well.
  7. Add the spices and hot water. Stir the mixture.
  8. Transfer it to a lidded pot and cook over low heat until the liquid is absorbed.
  9. Remove the cooked Kapuska from the heat and let it rest.
  10. Optionally, serve with garlic yogurt.

Cultural Significance of Kapuska:

Kapuska is a traditional and culturally significant dish in Turkish cuisine. Its consumption during the winter months to provide warmth and energy reflects the culture of solidarity and sharing in Turkish society. Furthermore, the different variations of Kapuska in various regions showcase Turkey’s geographical diversity in culinary traditions. Kapuska is enjoyed on a wide range of occasions, from family gatherings to everyday meals. Therefore, Kapuska holds a special place in Turkish cuisine, representing the richness and diversity of the culinary heritage.


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